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If you are someone preparing to build a new house in a hurricane prone region,Pop Up Plug Sockets South Africa in Top  you may wonder what construction material is the best for a hurricane proof house? When we ask that question we are typically referring to the frame (skeleton) of the home. The decision of what material to use on the frame a home is important, and there are several factors that go into that decision. Those factors include material cost, performance, and ease of construction. For those of us living in a coastal area, the material performance is of particular importance,12v Lithium Ion Battery South Africa but the other factors must be examined as well. This article compares two construction materials to build a house in a hurricane prone area. The majority of people will assume that wood is the only choice for residential construction, but I would encourage you to at least weigh the benefits of a concrete or other solution.

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Wood

When we speak of wood construction, we are referring primarily of conventional wood construction using dimensional lumber and plywood. The frame is built with studs, rafters and joists. Conventional wood construction is either done on site (stick built) or partially in a shop (prefabricated). Examples of prefabricated wood construction includes wood trusses or modular homes built in the shop and delivered to a job site. The modular home industry is growing, and is even marketing itself to the high end housing markets. Other methods of constructing with wood include heavy timber framing, and structural insulated panels.

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The biggest benefit to wood construction is its relative cost. Houses can typically be built less expensively with wood than with other material options. This is the primary reason that wood construction is so prevalent. Wood has been around for years, and has proved itself to be a viable building material to withstand the weather. Like any building material, however, when not constructed or designed properly, wood has come up short in the face of Hurricanes. So, it is possible to build a house to withstand hurricane force winds, but some measures should be taken to ensure that it is designed and built properly. An employer once told me that the most important thing to look for when designing with wood was the connections. Connections are king when it comes to wood, so pay special attention to this area. Most building departments require that some engineering be done to ensure that the connections, and other critical items, be evaluated before a permit is issued for the house.

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Concrete

When it comes to performance, there are many benefits to building a house with concrete. Concrete is strong, resistant to fire, decay, termites, and mold. This material is truly sustainable, and that includes sustaining a hurricane. This of course, assumes that the material is designed and installed properly. Concrete construction can be built using either forms, or by using preformed units (aka masonry or blocks).

The most basic method of installing concrete is to build plywood forms, and then pour the concrete walls and floors, which rest on a concrete foundation. The steel reinforcing is placed within the formwork prior to pouring the concrete. Forming the concrete can be labor intensive, and hence cost prohibitive. Insulated Concrete Forms, or ICF are one solution that have been developed to make concrete a more viable option for residential construction. The forms consist of Styrofoam, which is lighter and easier to erect than the plywood forms. Concrete masonry units (CMU) construction, consists of preformed hollow blocks of concrete that are stacked in place, filled with steel reinforcement and then grouted on-site. CMU is also commonly, and incorrectly, referred to as cinder blocks. This method is a widely accepted method in Florida for hurricane proof construction due to its reasonable cost versus the strength that the material provides.

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A slight deviation from CMU is AAC, which stands for Aerated Autoclaved Concrete. AAC is a lightweight aerated concrete that is also preformed in standard size blocks, that can be stacked in place, and then filled with steel reinforcement and grouted on-site. AAC is a building material that is relatively new in the US. AAC is gaining popularity because it is lightweight, energy efficient, and is relatively simple to cut and install. I have seen details from the suppliers showing threaded rod systems used inside the blocks, but I would not recommend this practice. Rebar designed to work with concrete should be used inside of the AAC units, and not threaded rods.

I believe that concrete, whether it be formed-in-place concrete or concrete masonry, has inherit strength benefits that will naturally resist hurricane force winds. In addition a concrete option will bring other benefits such as resistance to mold, fire, and termites, as well as energy efficiency. Any of these concrete options will likely be slightly more expensive than wood when evaluated based on initial cost. That being said, it should be noted that the cost over the life of the List Of Hardware Stores In South Africa, in addition to the up front cost should be considered. For example, a wood home typically costs more to insure than a concrete home. In addition, some states have tax deductions for using energy efficient materials such as AAC. Finally, you must place some value on the higher risk of a wooden home possibly not doing as well in a hurricane as a concrete home.

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In making your decision of what material to use to build your hurricane proof home, you will likely compare cost, performance, and other factors. Do not merely assume that what everyone around you is doing will be sufficient for your home. Be aware that there are options to choose from, and it is important to consider which option is the best for your house and your preferences. Finally remember that price is important, but building a house improperly can cost you later.

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The Spanish Mission Style of Architecture served functional and aesthetic purposes when it was first produced in California. "Padres" or priests from Spain came to the coastline of California to build their missions and convert the natives, and the style of the missions was a reflection of the great cultural soup that was being prepared. Native Californians used their skill, priests used their design aesthetic from the old country, and the raw materials of their work would come from the natural products off the coast of California.

The materials that would eventually build the Spanish missions would later be used and emulated for the Spanish mission style of architecture that later became popular in California and elsewhere in the US. Buildings throughout Los Angeles tried to emulate this style as it became more fashionable, and even in other places across the nation, like in St. Louis, Missouri where T.P. Barnett's Spanish Mission Style Deco building still stands. The Barnett building was a fusion building of Spanish and Art Deco that became incredibly popular in the 1920's, and today holds true to its beauty and grace.

When Padres were trying to get their missions built in California, they had a lot of difficulties to say the very least. There was a scarcity of imported materials as well as a shortage of skilled labor, so they had to use simple building materials and easy methods of construction to get the job done. They gathered material and workforce from the surrounding lands.

The 5 most important materials they used were adobe, timber, stone, brick and tile, which are all the staples of the style today. Adobe was a very innovative material made from earth and water, chaff, straw and manure. These were mud bricks, and they were very useful in this region of the US. The method was originated in Spain and Mexico, so workers were easily able to assemble the bricks that would make up the missions.

Level ground was found, and the workers would put the mud mixture into brick molds, and arrange them in rows to be leveled by hand to the top of the mold's frame. Today, these bricks still have hand and fingerprints, reminiscent of the people who once worked long hours. Some people even inscribed names and dates on the bricks. California adobe was fairly easy to make and handle, and lightweight for easy carrying.

The Spanish Missions and the later Spanish mission style that would be replicated get their look from the sort of "man-made" authentic quality. There was no existent lumber, so workers used stone axes and crude saws to shape the wood. The missions had a very distinct appearance thanks to these crude methods, and later this appearance was greatly sought after, and people would pay a high price for it.

The Spanish Mission style came to be associated with luxury, ironically enough, and today we see that style for all its elegance, simplicity, and style. Going back to the T.P. Barnett building in St. Louis, all the elegance and refinement of the Spanish mission style's potential is quite clear.

Climate - A Factor to Consider When Picking Building Materials

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Building a home is based on various factors. One of the most important factors in choosing the materials for a home is the climate. Naturally, we make sure that the materials we use for building a house should be compatible to the type of climate where the property will be built.

Why consider the climate when looking for the right materials? This is simply because weather has a major effect in the functionality of a building or structure. Climate is a significant factor on the life span, environmental performance and durability of construction materials.

When choosing materials to suit the weather in building homes or buildings, there are some important considerations to remember. First, is to consider the effect of the architectural design and structure to human thermal comfort, which includes the window, layout, ventilation and shading conditions on the climate indoors. Secondly, climate conditions can differ from surrounding climactic conditions such as wind speed, temperature and humidity.

Let us take the Philippines for example. The climate in this place is humid and the majority of building materials used in building construction is concrete. Many buildings and houses are built with the use of concrete materials for the simple reason that it is durable with rain. The country experiences around twenty typhoons every year and flooding is always a possibility particularly in the city and those in lower elevated places.

There are about fifteen different types of building materials available to choose from in the construction of homes and buildings. Nevertheless, knowing the kind of climate or weather of a certain place is the first step in choosing and deciding which materials are appropriate for building. For every builder, climate consideration is a must in order to build an effective and efficient home.

If you notice, there are plenty of historical buildings that have been abandoned for years and years and even centuries. Nonetheless, they still exist until now. This is due to their durability to withstand the climate conditions of the place where they are located.

Most of the ancient buildings in some countries were constructed of brick, rubble stone and mortar in random bond with local artisanship by builders who continue to use the older methods in building structures and these buildings survived for more than three hundred years without needing repair or maintenance.

Some homes in other parts of the world, particularly in plain climatic conditions were constructed differently with the use of cut stone on the exterior surface to prevent the main wall structures which are composed of mortar and rubble stone from the harsh climate conditions of these areas.

This just goes to show that the ancient people used construction materials and techniques appropriate to the weather of a place for the intention of keeping these places survive over centuries and would remain as symbols of their hard work, practicality and ingenuity through time.

When you want to build a new home, always take into consideration what building materials you should choose. If you belong in an area where the climate is mostly cold, you should choose materials that will appropriately insulate your home and at the same time withstand any worst cold conditions. On the other hand, if you are living in a hot climate, consider materials that will make your home cooler and could withstand possible intense heat.

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